Hearing Loss & How Kids Hear
Hearing loss in children may be divided into two subcategories; born or acquired immediately after birth.
Born with a Hearing Loss
Most paediatric Hearing problems are of genetic cause; the exact origin of which mostly remains unknown. However it could be that one or both of the parents do carry genes which may cause hearing problems in their children. Testing for these genes is widely available today.
Infections during pregnancy or at birth are another cause of hearing loss in children. Prematurity, low birth weight or complications during birth, especially oxygen deprivation to the infant are also known causes.
Acquired in Early Childhood
Different infections, childhood diseases and meningitis are known to cause hearing loss especially if they are accompanied with high fever over a longer period of time.
Certain types of antibiotics, which are necessary to treat life threatening situations, are known to have side effects which affects hearing loss. Another common cause of childhood hearing loss is repeated and/or delayed treatment of middle ear infections.
Hearing loss might remain unchanged over until old age, or could progressively worsen. The vast majority of hearing problems in children are sensory in nature, this means they are due to haircell loss in the cochlear.
Almost all hearing losses in children can be treated today and your child may lead a completely normal life and have all educational paths available to him/her, same as her/his normal hearing peers.
However, final outcome of hearing treatments depends on the chronological age of intervention, the quality of medical intervention (if necessary) or equipment made available to her/him and most importantly, family support and help in catching up with lost language development due to difference in onset of hearing loss and successful intervention.